If a woman with diabetes keeps her blood sugar well controlled before and during pregnancy, she can increase her chances of having a healthy baby. Controlling blood sugar also reduces the chance that a woman will develop common problems of diabetes, or that the problems will get worse during pregnancy.
Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?
If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.
Can you have a healthy baby with type 2 diabetes?
A healthy pregnancy is certainly possible with diabetes, but it takes extra care. If you plan to get pregnant with type 2 diabetes, see your doctor first. You need a plan to keep your blood sugar level under control — and during pregnancy the goals for blood sugars are very different.
What birth defects are caused by diabetes?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies. Diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy was linked with about 50% of the birth defect categories analyzed.
What happens if a pregnant woman has diabetes?
High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth. High blood glucose also can increase the chance that you will have a miscarriage link or a stillborn baby.
What happens to babies born to diabetic mothers?
This can affect the baby and mother during pregnancy, at the time of birth, and after birth. Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are often larger than other babies, especially if diabetes is not well-controlled. This may make vaginal birth harder and may increase the risk for nerve injuries and other trauma during birth.
What is a normal blood sugar level for a pregnant woman?
For the three-hour test: A normal fasting blood glucose level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L). One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a normal blood glucose level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
What are the signs of diabetes in pregnancy?
Symptoms of gestational diabetes
- increased thirst.
- needing to pee more often than usual.
- a dry mouth.
How does high blood sugar affect baby?
Higher than normal blood sugar in mothers can cause their babies to grow too large. Very large babies — those who weigh 9 pounds or more — are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, have birth injuries or need a C-section birth.
Should I continue taking metformin when pregnant?
The takeaway. Metformin has a very low risk of birth defects and complications for your baby, making this drug safe to take before and during pregnancy. Metformin is also safe to take while breastfeeding your child.
What blood sugar is too high for pregnancy?
They’ll likely diagnose you with gestational diabetes if you have any of the following blood sugar values : fasting blood sugar level greater than or equal to 92 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) one-hour blood sugar level greater than or equal to 180 mg/dL. two-hour blood sugar level greater than or equal to 153 mg/dL.
How can I quickly lower my blood sugar?
Exercise is a fast and effective way to lower your blood sugar levels. Exercise can lower your blood sugar for 24 hours or more after you’ve finished. This is because it makes your body more sensitive to insulin. Physical activity causes the body to demand glucose for energy.