Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.
Can babies with hydrocephalus lead normal lives?
It can be present at birth (congenital) or occur after birth (acquired). Pediatric hydrocephalus can be damaging if left untreated, but with early diagnosis and treatment, children with hydrocephalus can often lead normal, healthy lives.
Does hydrocephalus affect walking?
About normal pressure hydrocephalus
As brain ventricles enlarge with the excess CSF, they can disrupt and damage nearby brain tissue, leading to difficulty walking, problems with thinking and reasoning, and loss of bladder control.
How long can babies live with hydrocephalus?
What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.
How do you treat a baby with hydrocephalus?
Surgery may be needed for some cases of hydrocephalus. Surgery usually involves placing a mechanical shunting device into the baby’s head to help drain the extra CSF from the brain and redirect the extra fluid to another part of the body to be absorbed. A common type of shunt is the ventriculoperitoneal shunt.
What does a baby with hydrocephalus look like?
If you suspect that you or your child has hydrocephalus, your doctor will perform a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms. In children, doctors check for eyes that are sunken in, slow reflexes, a bulging fontanel, and a head circumference that is larger than normal for their age.
Can a child outgrow hydrocephalus?
Most children treated for hydrocephalus now reach adult age; however, data on their outcome are still rare and controversial.
Is hydrocephalus classed as a disability?
Is it Easy to Get Disability for Hydrocephalus? You cannot get disability automatically for hydrocephalus because it is not a specifically listed condition in Social Security’s “blue book” of listed impairments.
Can hydrocephalus go away?
It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment. Hydrocephalus is due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain. These cavities are called ventricles.
Can hydrocephalus be treated without surgery?
Abstract. Hydrocephalus is usually treated by placing an extracranial CSF shunt. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy, however, has been revived recently as a less invasive method for treatment. We intended to avoid shunting or to eliminate the previously placed shunt with this procedure.
What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?
The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.
How common is pediatric hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is one of the most common pediatric neurological problems and occurs in about 1 in 1,000 children.
What causes a baby to be born with hydrocephalus?
Causes of hydrocephalus include: spina bifida: when a baby’s spinal cord does not fully develop. aqueductal stenosis: when CSF flow between the ventricles inside the brain is blocked. infection during pregnancy.
Can hydrocephalus resolve itself in infants?
In fact, macrocephaly is external hydrocephalus caused by benign subdurals of infancy. Unlike forms of hydrocephalus caused by increased CSF in the ventricles, the external form involves fluid outside the brain, usually does not require any treatment and typically resolves itself over time.