How do you know if your baby has hydrocephalus?
If you suspect that you or your child has hydrocephalus, your doctor will perform a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms. In children, doctors check for eyes that are sunken in, slow reflexes, a bulging fontanel, and a head circumference that is larger than normal for their age.
Can a baby survive hydrocephalus?
It can be present at birth (congenital) or occur after birth (acquired). Pediatric hydrocephalus can be damaging if left untreated, but with early diagnosis and treatment, children with hydrocephalus can often lead normal, healthy lives.
At what age is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older.
What is the cause of hydrocephalus in infants?
Approximately 1 in every 500 American babies are born with hydrocephalus. It may be caused by an infection in the mother during pregnancy, such as rubella or mumps, or a birth defect, such as spina bifida. It is one of the most common developmental disabilities, more common than Down syndrome or deafness.
What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?
The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.
Can hydrocephalus resolve itself in infants?
In fact, macrocephaly is external hydrocephalus caused by benign subdurals of infancy. Unlike forms of hydrocephalus caused by increased CSF in the ventricles, the external form involves fluid outside the brain, usually does not require any treatment and typically resolves itself over time.
How common is pediatric hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is one of the most common pediatric neurological problems and occurs in about 1 in 1,000 children.
Is hydrocephalus a birth defect?
Congenital hydrocephalus is caused by a brain malformation or birth defect that causes excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to accumulate in brain cavities, called subarachnoid space. Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear, colorless liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, protecting them from injury.
Can a child outgrow hydrocephalus?
Most children treated for hydrocephalus now reach adult age; however, data on their outcome are still rare and controversial.
Can hydrocephalus go away on its own?
It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment. Hydrocephalus is due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain.
Is hydrocephalus a disability?
Is it Easy to Get Disability for Hydrocephalus? You cannot get disability automatically for hydrocephalus because it is not a specifically listed condition in Social Security’s “blue book” of listed impairments.
How do you rule out hydrocephalus?
Tests to accurately diagnose hydrocephalus and rule out other conditions may include: Ultrasound is often the first test a doctor uses to diagnose infants because it is relatively simple and low risk. When used during routine prenatal exams, ultrasound may also detect hydrocephalus in unborn babies.13 мая 2020 г.
How is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
The most common initial diagnostic test to determine hydrocephalus at any age is an image of the brain using CT or MRI to identify if the ventricles or spaces within the brain are enlarged. More tests are often performed in adults in order to diagnosis the condition.