Neonatal seizures can have many causes, including lack of oxygen before or during birth, an infection acquired before or after birth, bleeding in the brain, blood sugar or electrolyte imbalances or drug withdrawal.
Why would a newborn baby have seizures?
Neonatal seizures have a variety of causes. These include: Lack of oxygen before or during birth due to placental abruption (premature detachment of the placenta from the uterus), a difficult or prolonged labor, or compression of the umbilical cord.
What is the most likely cause of seizures in a newborn?
The most common cause of neonatal seizures is hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), a type of brain injury caused by a lack of oxygen during or near the time of birth.
What to do if a newborn has a seizure?
What to Do if Your Child Has a Seizure:
- Gently place your child on the floor or ground, and remove any nearby objects.
- Lay your child on his or her side to prevent choking on saliva (spit).
- If your child vomits, clear out the mouth gently with your finger.
- Loosen any clothing around the head or neck.
Are seizures dangerous in babies?
Seizure activity in an infant must be diagnosed and treated immediately because seizures can cause nerve cell injury and kill brain cells. Seizures may also adversely alter brain function in other ways like rewiring brain circuitry. The longer a seizure lasts, the more damage it does to the brain.
What does seizure look like in newborn?
The seizures often are fragmentary because the infant’s brain is still developing and is unable to make the coordinated responses seen in a typical generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The baby may have jerking or stiffening of a leg or an arm that can alternate from side to side.
Do baby seizures go away?
Most seizures in babies stop by themselves or respond well to treatment. This depends on the reason the seizures have happened. If there is a cause that can be treated, such as a low blood sugar level, then that will usually stop the seizures also. Sometimes your baby needs medicine to help control the seizures.
How can I prevent my baby from having seizures?
Place the child on a soft surface, such as a bed. Prevent choking by laying the child on his or her side or stomach. Ensure that the child is breathing adequately. Never place anything in the child’s mouth during a convulsion.
Is it normal for a newborn to jerk?
Sudden jerks or twitches of the arms, hands or legs. If they only occur during sleep, they are most likely normal.
Can a baby have a seizure while sleeping?
Nocturnal seizures in infants and young children
Parents of new infants sometimes confuse a condition called benign neonatal sleep myoclonus with epilepsy. Infants experiencing myoclonus have involuntary jerking that often looks like a seizure.
Are infant seizures common?
About 100 per 100,000 infants will suffer seizures, which may be difficult to recognize, even as an expert or parent. Some clues to various types of infantile seizures include: Random and abrupt pause in activity with the eyes slightly gazing to the side.
What can trigger a seizure?
Missed medication, lack of sleep, stress, alcohol, and menstruation are some of the most common triggers, but there are many more. Flashing lights can cause seizures in some people, but it’s much less frequent than you might imagine.
What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?
Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.
Can a child die from seizures?
Researchers have found that Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) is uncommon among younger aged children, but it is still an important concern for some children. SUDEP refers to deaths in people with epilepsy that are not caused by injury, drowning, or other known causes.
Can seizure be cured?
Today, most epilepsy is treated with medication. Drugs do not cure epilepsy, but they can often control seizures very well. About 80% of people with epilepsy today have their seizures controlled by medication at least some of the time. Of course, that means that 20% of people with epilepsy are not helped by medication.